Global burden of disease
Module Aims: The key objective of this module will be to learn about the principal issues surrounding the ever-changing global burden of disease, including communicable, non-communicable and external causes. Specifically, it will focus on issues of disease burden measurement, distribution and inequalities within and between populations, and the major drivers of disease burden and its distribution (risk factors and upstream determinants), in a changing global context.
Module Learning Outcomes:
By the end of the module, students should be able to:
- Provide a critical account of the key measures of global health including surveillance approaches, mortality, disease and disability concepts
- Describe the global burden of diseases, their distribution and trends over time in both developed and disadvantaged settings
- Evaluate the multiple complex factors that underlie global disease burden and health inequities within and between populations
- Describe and examine the factors underlying the global rise of non-communicable diseases including cardiovascular, metabolic and neoplastic illnesses
- Describe and examine the factors underlying the ongoing burdens and trends in communicable diseases, including emerging pathogens, antimicrobial resistance, and interactions with non-communicable diseases
- Describe and examine the factors underlying the burden and trends in external causes of mortality and disability
- Critically appraise key interventions, policies and programmes for major global non-communicable, communicable, and external causes of mortality and disability
- Evaluate and debate the value global burden of disease estimates in priority setting.
Pre-requisites: Principles of Epidemiology, Principles of Public Health.
A mixture of taught sessions and participatory exercises.
- Group presentations based on researching a relevant topic area e.g. global distribution and trends in a disease, risk factor or underlying determinant of health. Students will be expected to demonstrate a critical interpretation of the data sources used, approaches to estimating disease burden and of the robustness of the conclusions that can be drawn. These presentations will take place on the last afternoon of the module.
- Each student will individually write a 750 to 1000 word critical reflection, with up to 10 references, on the policy implications of the findings from their group presentation. These will be due 2 weeks after the end of the module.
Allocation of marks: 40% group presentation; 60% critical reflection.
Module Length: 4 days